Mosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria Falls
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These are among the most spectacular waterfalls in the world. The Zambezi river, which is more than 2 km wide at this point, plunges noisily down a series of basalt gorges and raises an iridescent mist that can be seen more than 20 km away.
This site is a transboundary property with Zimbabwe.
One name invariably connected with the Victoria Falls, is David Livingstone (1813-1873), who discovered the Victoria Falls in 1856.
Dr. David Livingstone (1813-1873) was a Scottish doctor and missionary, considered one of the most important European explorers of Africa, also pioneering the abolition of the slave trade. Livingstone was born in Blantyre. After completing his medical course in 1840, Livingstone was ordained and sent as a medical missionary to South Africa.
|In 1841 he reached Kuruman, a settlement founded by Scottish
missionary Robert Moffat in Bechuanaland (now Botswana).
In 1849 Livingstone crossed the Kalahari Desert and became the first European to discover Lake Ngami.
On another expedition (1852-1856), he followed the Zambezi River to its mouth in the Indian Ocean, thereby becoming the first European to discover Victoria Falls.
||In 1870 Livingstone traveled from Ujiji, on Lake Tanganyika,
to the Lualaba River, in present-day Democratic Republic of the Congo
(formerly Zaire), becoming the first European to visit that location.
Upon his return to Ujiji, Livingstone was met by a rescue party led by Henry Morton Stanley, who is said to have greeted the explorer with the famous remark, "Dr. Livingstone, I presume?"
Imagine the extraordinary situation: Dr. Stanley arriving to a dusty place in the South African bush, dressed in full formal and top hat, greeting Dr. Livingstone in safari-dress and villagers "in the middle of nowhere", with such a formal remark. Below is the full set of six stamps:
Stanley and Livingstone explored the area north of Lake Tanganyika together. Later, Livingstone set out alone to continue his search for the sources of the Nile.
Sources and links:
There are no other World Cultural Heritage Properties in Zambia. For more information about the Victoria Falls, please refer to the UNESCO-listing, Zambia-section.
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Revised 20 jul 2006