Old City of Sana'a (1986)
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||Situated in a mountain valley at an altitude of 2,200 m, Sana'a has been
inhabited for more than 2,500 years. In the 7th and 8th centuries the city
became a major centre for the propagation of Islam. This religious and political
heritage can be seen in the 103 mosques, 14 hammams and over 6,000 houses, all
built before the 11th century. Sana'a's many-storeyed tower-houses built of
rammed earth (pisé) add to the beauty of the site.
|Sana‘a or Sanaa, is the political capital of Yemen, located in Sana‘a Province, on a plateau northeast of the port of Al
Hudaydah. Sana‘a is the commercial center of a fruit-growing region. It is divided into two sections with the junction formed by the palace of the former imams, or rulers, of Yemen.
The eastern section, known as the old city, has several mosques and a market where jewelry, silver and leather goods, silks, and carpets are made and sold. The western section is largely residential.
Sana‘a University (1970) is in the city. Sana‘a first became an important center in the 4th century AD, in the kingdom of an ancient Arabian people, the Himyarites. The city was included in the Muslim caliphate in 632, and it came under the control of the Ottoman Empire in the 1870s. Formerly the capital of the Yemen Arab Republic (YAR), Sana‘a became the political capital of the Republic of Yemen when the YAR merged with the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen in 1990; Aden was made the economic capital.
Sources and links:
World Cultural Heritage Properties in Yemen (on this web site). The inactive link on the Historic Town of Zabid is not described on postage stamps. For more information about the individual properties, please refer to the UNESCO-listing, Yemen-section.
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Revised 21 jul 2006