Hawaii Volcanoes National Park (1987)
United States of America

Back to index

This site contains two of the most active volcanoes in the world, Mauna Loa (4,170 m high) and Kilauea (1,250 m high), both of which tower over the Pacific Ocean. 

Volcanic eruptions have created a constantly changing landscape, and the lava flows reveal surprising geological formations. Rare birds and endemic species can be found there, as well as forests of giant ferns. 

  • United Nations (New York) 2003. Hawaii Volcanoes. 

United Nations (New York) 2003. Hawaii Volcanoes.

Hawaii Volcanoes National Park was established in 1916 on southern Hawaii Island, Hawaii, which contains two active volcanoes, Mauna Loa and Kilauea. Mauna Loa, the world’s largest volcanic mass, towers 4,170 m (13,680 ft) above sea level. Its summit crater, Mokuaweoweo, has walls rising to about 180 m (600 ft); eruptions occur here and from the fissures and newer craters that have formed on the slopes of the mountain. 

Kilauea projects from the eastern slope of Mauna Loa; it rises 1,247 m (4,090 ft) above sea level. The east rift of Kilauea has been erupting continuously since 1983. Kilauea’s crater covers more than 10 sq km (4 sq mi) and is the largest active volcanic crater in the world. Its vast inner pit, Halemaumau, is sometimes called the “House of Everlasting Fire.” The park’s varied landscape includes the Kau Desert on the arid leeward (eastern) slope of Kilauea and a luxuriant tree fern forest on its moist windward (western) slope. Hawaii Volcano Observatory (established 1911) is on the rim of Kilauea Crater. Until 1961, Hawaii Volcanoes National Park was combined with Haleakala National Park on Maui Island as Hawaii National Park. 

Hawaii is said to be forged by iron, shaken by earthquakes, stirred by the ocean, and shaped by the wind.  

Sources and links: 

Other World Heritage Sites in USA (on this site). Inactive links are not described on stamps. Please refer to the UNESCO-listing, section United States for further information about such sites. 


Back to index

Revised 21 aug 2007  
Copyright © 1999 Heindorffhus
All Rights Reserved