Sinharaja Forest Reserve (1988)
Sri Lanka

Back to index

Located in south-west Sri Lanka, Sinharaja is the country's last viable area of primary tropical rainforest. More than 60% of the trees are endemic and many of them are considered rare. There is much endemic wildlife, especially birds, but the reserve is also home to over 50% of Sri Lanka's endemic species of mammals and butterflies, as well as many kinds of insects, reptiles and rare amphibians. 
  • Sri Lanka 2002. From the set "The Beauties of our Country. Sinharaja Forest Reserve. 

 Sri Lanka 2002. From the set "The Beauties of our Country. Sinharaja Forest Reserve. 

Sri Lanka is a birds-and-ornithologist's paradise. Of the 435 recorded species, 230 are resident, and no less that 23 are endemic to the island. Most of the endemic birds are restricted to the wet zone. Others can be found throughout the island, although confined to small areas of humid forests. Each bird's ordinary name and Latin name are shown in the two columns on the right. 

Sri Lanka 2003. Sheet of 25 Resident Birds of Sri Lanka. 

 Black-necked Stork      Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus
 Purple Swamphen      Porphyrio porphyrio
 Grey Heron      Ardea cinerea
 White-throated Kingfisher      Halcyon smyrnensis
 Black-crowned Night-Heron      Nycticorax nycticorax
 Scarlet Minivet      Pericrocotus flammeus
 White-rumped Shama      Copsychus malabaricus
 Malabar Trogon      Harpactes fasciatus
 Asian Paradise-Flycatcher      Terpsiphone paradisi
 Green Bee-eater      Merops orientalis
 Brown Wood-Owl      Strix leptogrammica
 Crested Serpent-Eagle      Spilornis cheela
 Crested Goshawk      Accipiter trivirgatus
 Jungle Owlet      Glaucidium radiatum
 Rufous-bellied Eagle      Aquila kienerii
 Black-headed Munia     Lonchura malacca
 Pompadour Green-Pigeon      Treron pompadora
 Plum-headed Parakeet      Psittacula cyanocephala
 Coppersmith Barbet      Megalaima haemacephala
 Emerald Dove      Chalcophaps indica
 Blue-faced Malkoha      Phaenicophaeus viridirostris
 Indian Scimitar-Babbler      Pomatorhinus horsfieldii
 Painted Francolin      Francolinus pictus
 Black-rumped Flameback      Dinopium benghalense
 Malabar Pied-Hornbill      Anthracoceros coronatus

A variety of indigenous plants and animals, flowing rivers and silent streamlets cover up nearly 9800 hectares. Out of a total of 830 indigenous flowering plants in the Island, Sinharaja has nearly 500 plants and out of 21 native bird species in the country 17 species have made Sinharaja their home.

Sources and links: 

Other World Heritage Sites in Sri Lanka (on this site). Please refer to the UNESCO-listing, Sri Lanka section, for further information on the individual properties. 

Back to index

Revised 21 jul 2006  
Copyright 1999 Heindorffhus
All Rights Reserved