Gamzigrad-Romuliana, Palace of Galerius (2007) 

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Yugoslavia 1970. Roman mosaic from Gamzigrad, 4th century. "Venator".

The Late Roman fortified palace compound and memorial complex of Gamzigrad-Romuliana, Palace of Galerius, in the east of Serbia, was commissioned by Emperor Caius Valerius Galerius Maximianus, in the late 3rd and early 4th century. It was known as Felix Romuliana, named after the Emperor's mother. 

The site consists of fortifications, the palace in the north-western part of the complex, basilicas, temples, hot baths, memorial complex, and a tetrapylon. The site offers a unique testimony of the Roman building tradition marked by the ideology of the period of the Second Tetrachy. The group of buildings is also unique in its intertwining of ceremonial and memorial functions. The relation between two spatial ensembles in this site is stressed by the tetrapylon which is placed on the crossroads between the worldly fortification and palace on the one side and the other-worldly mausoleums and consecration monuments on the other. 

  • Yugoslavia 1970. Roman mosaic from Gamzigrad, 4th century. "Venator". 

Galerius was the adopted son of emperor Diocletian and Roman emperor 308-313. He is known to have been a bitter persecutor of the Christians. 

On 21st September 2007, Serbia has issued a very nice set of two stamps from Gamzigrad, showing the ruins of Gamzigrad's Roman Forum, and inscribed with UNESCO. Both stamps have the same face value. 

Serbia 2007. Ruins of the Roman Forum of Gamzigrad. Latin characters. Serbia 2007. Ruins of the Roman Forum of Gamzigrad. Cyrillic characters.

Each of the stamps are sold in two panes of each three stamps, with a label of no postal value adjoined, see below. The labels show close-ups of museum exhibits from the archeological findings. 

Serbia 2007. Ruins of the Roman Forum of Gamzigrad with labels showing museum exhibits from the archeological findings.

Serbia was at one time part of the ancient country of Illyria. The Romans conquered it in 168 bc and governed it as the province of Moesia. In ad 395 it became part of the Byzantine Empire. In the 7th century Serbs settled in the area west of the Morava River and subsequently gave allegiance to the Byzantines.  

Sources and links: 

Many thanks to Mr. Miomir Zivkovic (Serbia) for images and information on this site. 

Other World Heritage Sites in Serbia (on this site). Please refer to the UNESCO-listing, Serbia section, for further information on the individual properties. 

New issue Serbia 21st September 2007. Gamzigrad. 

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Revised 28 sep 2007  
Copyright 1999 Heindorffhus 
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