Historic Monuments of Novgorod and Surroundings (1992)
Russia

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Situated on the ancient trade route between Central Asia and northern Europe, Novgorod was Russia's first capital in the 9th century. Surrounded by churches and monasteries, it was a centre for Orthodox spirituality as well as Russian architecture. Its medieval monuments and the 14th-century frescoes of Theophanes the Greek (Andrei Rublev's teacher) illustrate the development of its remarkable architecture and cultural creativity. 

Russia 1993. Novgorod. The Belfry of St. Sophia. Russia 1993. Nogorod. St. Sophia's Cathedral. Russia 1993. Novgorod. The Kukui Watchtower, and the Knjashaya Tower.

Russia 1971. Novgorod Kremlin

The Millennium of Russia is described through these two stamps. Below is a small definitive, depicting the Memorial of the Millennium erected in Novgorod, and to the right a large format stamp depicting the same memorial. 

Russia 1992. Definitive stamp. Millennium Memorial in Novgorod.

Russia 2002. History of Russia. Millennium Memorial in Novgorod.

 

Russia 2003. Russian History. Jaroslav the Wise.

Of all their princes, Novgorodians cherished most the memory of Yaroslav the Wise, who promulgated first written code of laws (later incorporated into "Russkaya Pravda") and sponsored the construction of the great St Sophia Cathedral (see above), standing to this day. 
  • Russia 2003. Russian History. Jaroslav the Wise. 
As a sign of gratitude for helping him to defeat his elder brother and obtain the Kievan throne, Yaroslav conferred numerous privileges on the city. On the other hand, Novgorodians named their central square after Yaroslav.
  • Russia 2003. The Yuriev Monastery in Novgorod was founded in 1030 by the famous Russian prince Yaroslav the Wise. 

Russia 2003. The Yuriev Monastery in Novgorod, founded in 1030.

Throughout the middle ages, Novgorod has been famous for its icon painting, and a whole school of Novgorod art arose around the city. 

Among the many art works from Novgorod, or the Novgorodian School is this Golden Crater, dating from the XII century, by the end of the Byzantine age. 

Icon painting is described through the below stamps.  

  • Russia 1978. Golden Crater. 
Russia 1978. Icons of the Novgorodian School. St. George Slaying the Dragon. Russia 1993. Icon Novgorodian School. "Apparition of Holy Virgin". Russia 1992. Icons of the Novgorodian School. "Holy Mother of Don" and "Archangel Gabriel".

Novgorod is the most ancient Slavic city recorded in Russia. The chronicle first mentions it in 859, when it was already a major station on the trade route from the Baltics to Byzantium. The Varangian [Viking] name of the city Holmgard (also Holmgaršr, Hólmgaršur, Holmgaard, Holmegård) is mentioned in Norse Sagas as existing substantially earlier, but it is impossible to separate the historical facts from the surrounding myth. In the 13th century, the city joined the Hanseatic League. In 1998, the city was officially renamed Velikiy Novgorod, thus partly reverting to its medieval title "Lord Novgorod the Great". 

Sources and links:

Other World Heritage Sites in Russia (on this web site). Inactive links are not described on stamps. Please refer to the UNESCO-listing, Russia-section, for further information on such sites. 

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Revised 21 jul 2006  
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