Volcanoes of Kamchatka (1996, 2001)
Russia

Камчатcкая Областъ

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This is one of the most outstanding volcanic regions in the world, with a high density of active volcanoes, a variety of types, and a wide range of related features. The six sites included in the serial designation group together the majority of volcanic features of the Kamchatka peninsula. The interplay of active volcanoes and glaciers forms a dynamic landscape of great beauty. The sites contain great species diversity, including the world's largest known variety of salmonoid fish and exceptional concentrations of sea otter, brown bear and Stellar's sea eagle. 

USSR 1965. World Cultural Heritage. Eruption of the Karymski Volcano. USSR 1965. World Cultural Heritage. Volcano Group in Kluchevskaya Nature Park.

USSR 1965. World Cultural Heritage. Koryakski Volcano.

  • USSR 1965. 
    The first Volcano-set from the Kamchatka Peninsula in the far north eastern Siberia, displaying:

     

    • Eruption of the Karymski Volcano.

    • Volcano Group in Kluchevskaya Nature Park. 

    • Koryakski Volcano. 


Kamchatka, an autonomous region in the Far North Eastern Siberia. The red spot indicates the exact location. The administrative center is Petropavlovsk, founded 1732 by the Danish explorer Vitus Bering, please read below. 
 

Map of Russia with the Kamchatka Region.

 

Russia 1997. World Cultural Heritage. Kamchatka Region.

  • Russia 1997. Kamchatka Oblast [region].  

The diversity of the spectacular landscapes is well described in this nice block of four from Kamchatka, containing geysers, mud caldrons and crater lakes. 

  • Russia 2002. Kamchatka Volcanoes. From top to bottom, and left to right: 
    • Map of Kamchatka with Geysers Valley and thermal springs and geysers vapors. 
    • Map of Kamchatka with mud caldron in the caldera of Uzon Volcano
    • Map of Kamchatka with the active Karymsky volcano. 
    • Map of Kamchatka with Troitsky acid crater lake. 

Russia 2002. World Cultural Heritage. Block of Volcano-stamps from Kamchatka.

The Kamchatka Volcanoes contain an especially diverse range of palearctic flora (including a number of nationally threatened species and at least 16 endemics), and bird species such as the Stellar’s Sea Eagle (50% of world population), white tailed eagle, gyr falcon and peregrine falcon, which are attracted to the availability of spawning salmon. The rivers inside and adjacent to the site contain the world’s greatest known diversity of salmonid fish. All 11 species coexist in several of Kamchatka’s rivers. 

USSR 1965. Peregrine Falcon. USSR 1965. Golden Eagle. USSR 1965. Gyrfalcon.

The webmaster being Danish, I find the Bering Island in this area a special point of interest. The island was named after the Danish seafarer and discoverer, Vitus Bering, who was the first to cross the narrow strait that separates Asia and the North American continent, today known as the Bering Strait. 

Map of Alaska and the Bering Sea. Bering was also the first discoverer to land in Alaska, which subsequently originally belonged to Russia. 

Alaska has belonged to the United States since 1867, when it was bought from Russia by Secretary of State William H. Seward. 

  • Map of Alaska and the Bering Sea. Map © Microsoft Encarta 2002. 

Vitus Jonassen Bering (1680-1741) was born in Horsens, Denmark. He entered the newly formed navy of the Russian tsar Peter the Great and in 1724 was appointed to conduct an expedition to explore the water routes between Siberia and North America.

USSR 1957.  Vitus Bering. 275th birth anniversary of the Danish explorer and navigator.

Having taken supplies across the continent, Bering sailed from the  Kamchatka Peninsula in 1728. He passed north through the Bering Strait into the Arctic Ocean, (see map above), but because of bad weather he did not sight the North American continent; he did prove, however, that the Asian and North American continents are not joined. Returning to Saint Petersburg in 1730, he sought another expedition to explore northeastern Siberia.
  • USSR 1957. Vitus Bering and map of Bering Strait. 275th anniversary birth of the Danish explorer and navigator. 
Denmark 1941. Commemorative set of Vitus Bering's 200th death anniversary. Stamp #1. Denmark 1941. Commemorative set of Vitus Bering's 200th death anniversary. Stamp #2 . Denmark 1941. Commemorative set of Vitus Bering's 200th death anniversary. Stamp #3. 1.

In 1733 Bering assumed command of a much larger and more ambitious undertaking, which eventually was responsible for the mapping of large areas of the northern Siberian coast. In June 1741 Bering set sail from Petropavlovsk (which he had founded the previous year) for the North American continent. 

USSR 1966. Medny and Bering Islands. USSR 1966. Discovery of Komandoren Islands. Bering's second voyage 1741.

He sailed into the Gulf of Alaska and sighted the continent north of what is now Cape Saint Elias, Alaska, on July 29, 1741, and shortly afterward landed on Kayak Island (in the Aleutian island group). During the return voyage Bering and most of his crew were ill with scurvy, and his ship, encountering storms and fog, was wrecked on an uninhabited island, subsequently named Bering Island in his honor. Bering died there of exposure one month later, but a few survivors built a vessel in which they returned to Kamchatka in 1742. Read more about Cape Saint Elias here. 

Sources and links: 

Other World Heritage Sites in Russia (on this web site). Inactive links are not described on stamps. Please refer to the UNESCO-listing, Russia-section, for further information on such sites. 

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Revised 21 jul 2006  
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