Historic Center of Guimarães (2001)
Portugal

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Poretugal 1927. The Castle of Guimaraes.

The historic town of Guimarães is associated with the emergence of the Portuguese national identity in the 12th century. 

An exceptionally well-preserved and authentic example of the evolution of a Medieval settlement into a modern town, its rich building typology exemplifies the specific development of Portuguese architecture from the 15th to 19th century through the consistent use of traditional building materials and techniques. 

  • Portugal 1927.  The castle of Guimarães. 

Guimarães is located some 50 km north east of Oporto, and is known by every Portuguese schoolchild as "the cradle of the nation". With its narrow streets and beautiful old mansions the city has maintained a peaceful medieval atmosphere.  The landmark of the city is the grey ruins of the castle, where Portugal's first king - Afonso Henriques - was born on 24th June 1110 in the impressive tower of the fortification.  

Portugal 2002. World Cultural Heritage. Panoramic view of a typical street in Guimares.

Guimarães is of considerable universal significance by virtue of the fact that specialized building techniques developed there in the Middle Ages were transmitted to Portuguese colonies in Africa and the New World, becoming their characteristic feature. 

The early history of Guimarães is closely associated with the establishment of Portuguese national identity and the Portuguese language in the 12th century. 

Portugal 2002. World Cultural Heritage. Guimaraes. Stamp #1.

Portugal 2002. World Cultural Heritage. Guimaraes. Stamp #2.

Portugal 2002. World Cultural Heritage. Grey Ruins of Castle of Guimaraes.

An exceptionally well preserved town, Guimarães illustrates the evolution of particular building types from the medieval settlement to the present-day city, and particularly in the 15th–19th centuries. 

Other World Heritage Sites in Portugal and Areas (on this website). Please refer to the UNESCO-listing, Portugal-section, for further information about the individual properties. 

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Revised 21 jul 2006  
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