Kalwaria Zebrzydowska: 
the Mannerist Architectural and Park Landscape Complex 
and Pilgrimage Park (1999)
Poland

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Kalwaria Zebrzydowska is a breathtaking cultural landscape of great spiritual significance. Its natural setting in which a series of symbolic places of worship relating to the Passion of Jesus Christ and the life of the Virgin Mary was laid out at the beginning of the 17th century has remained virtually unchanged. It is still today a place of pilgrimage. 

Poland 20002. Oppe John Paul II's seventh visit to Poland. Kalwaria Zebrzydowska.

The pope John Paul II on the background of the basilica of Virgin Mary of the Angel from the sanctuary in Calvary Zebrzydowska. The sanctuary has been erected at the beginning of the XVII c. as the foundation of Mikołaj Zebrzydowski and is to-day in Poland one of the most interesting architectural and landscape site as well as the most frequented pilgrimage place in Poland. With this sanctuary was strongly bound The Saint Father John Paul II, who was coming here frequently.
  • Poland 2002. Pope John Paul II's seventh visit to Poland. The Pope is featured with the pastoral staff (crozier) in front of Kalwaria Zebrzydowska. 

Kalwaria Zebrzydowska is an exceptional cultural monument in which the natural landscape was used as the setting for a symbolic representation in the form of chapels and avenues of the events of the Passion of Christ. The result is a cultural landscape of great beauty and spiritual quality in which natural and man-made elements combine in a harmonious manner. 

The Counter Reformation in the late 16th century led to a flowering in the creation of Calvaries in Europe. Kalwaria Zebrzydowska is an outstanding example of this type of large-scale landscape design, which incorporates natural beauty with spiritual objectives and the principles of Baroque park design. 

Sources and links: 

Other World Heritage Sites in Poland (on this website). Inactive links are not described on stamps. Please refer to the UNESCO-listing (Poland-Section) for further information on such properties. 

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Revised 31 jul 2006  
Copyright 1999 Heindorffhus 
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