City of Cuzco (1983)
Peru

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Situated in the Peruvian Andes, Cuzco developed, under the Inca ruler Pachacutec, into a complex urban centre with distinct religious and administrative functions. 

It was surrounded by clearly delineated areas for agricultural, artisan and industrial production. 

When the Spaniards conquered it in the 16th century, they preserved the basic structure but built Baroque churches and palaces over the ruins of the Inca city. 

  • Peru 1972. Cuzco City Arms. 

Peru 1972. Cuzco City Arms.

Peru 1952. Contour Farming in Cuzco.

Cuzco or Cusco, is a city in southern Peru, capital of Cuzco Department, in the valley of the Huatanay River, 3,360 m (11,024 ft) above sea level. 

The principal industries of the city are tanning, brewing, sugar refining, chocolate production, and the manufacture of cotton goods. 

Cuzco is the seat of a bishopric and the National University of San Antonio Abad (1962). 

  • Peru 1952. Contour Farming in Cuzco. 
The city contains many remains of Inca times, including the famous Inca temple of the sun; parts of the Inca wall that once surrounded the city; and numerous doorways, arches, and building walls. Many of the present-day houses, usually of adobe with red tile roofs, have remains of Inca stonework for their foundations. 
  • Peru 1984. Commemoration of the 450th anniversary of Cuzco's foundation. 
  • Peru 1974. Air Post. Cuzco. San Jeronimo Monastery. 

Peru 1984. Commemoration of the 450th anniversary of Cuzco's foundation.

Peru 1974. Air Post. Cuzco. San Jeronimo Monastery.

Peru 2006. Cuzco. St. Peter's Church, finished 1638.  Stamp #1 of two. Peru 2006. Cuzco. St. Peter's Church, finished 1638.  Stamp #2 of two. Among buildings dating from the Spanish occupation are the Renaissance cathedral, built at the beginning of the 17th century, and the prefecture, formerly the palace of the Spanish explorer Francisco Pizarro. 

Although much of the city was destroyed by an earthquake in 1950, the historic sites have been restored. 

  • Peru 2006. Cuzco. St. Peter's Church, finished 1638. 

Sources and links:

Other World Cultural Heritage Properties in Peru (on this web site). Please refer to the UNESCO-listing, Peru-section. for more information about the individual properties. 

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Revised 03 aug 2006  
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