Kathmandu Valley (1979)

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UNESCO (Paris) 1991. Temple of Bagdaon, Nepal.

At the crossroads of the great civilizations of Asia, seven groups of Hindu and Buddhist monuments, as well as the three residential and palace areas of the royal cities of Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur, illustrate Nepalese art at its height. Among the 130 monuments are pilgrimage centres, temples, shrines, bathing sites and gardens all sites of veneration for both religious groups. 
  • UNESCO (Paris) 1991. Temple of Bagdaon, Nepal. 
  • Nepal 1949. Kathmandu Valley. 

Nepal 1949. Kathmandu Valley.

According to UNESCO it is a threat to the site that the exceptional architectural design of Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur is gradually disappearing due to uncontrolled urban development. 

Kathmandu is the capital of Nepal, in the central part of the country. The city is situated in a fertile lowland (the Valley of Nepal) in the southern Himalayas, at an altitude of about 1220 m (about 4000 ft), near the confluence of the Baghmati and Vishnumati rivers. It is the mountain kingdom's largest city and its chief economic, administrative, and cultural center. 

Nepal 1967. Bhaktapur Durbar Square.

A highway extends north to Lhasa, in Tibet, and another road links Kathmandu with Raxaul, a rail center in India. Points of interest in Kathmandu include the elaborate royal palace and the white-domed Bodhnath Stupa, a shrine revered by Tibetan Buddhists. Just west of the city is Swayambhunath Temple, also an important Buddhist site. The city is the site of Tribhuvan University (1959) and the National Museum of Nepal. 
  • Nepal 1967. Bhaktapur Durbar Square. 
Kathmandu was founded in 723 and was ruled for centuries by the Newar people. It was captured in 1768 by the Shah dynasty and became their capital. From 1846 to 1951 the powerful Rana family ruled Nepal from here as hereditary prime ministers. The city was badly damaged in 1934 by an earthquake. 
  • Nepal 1959. Bhaktapur Golden Gate. 
  • Nepal 1975. Royal Palace Kathmandu. 

Nepal 1959. Kathmandu. Bhaktapur Golden Gate.

Nepal 1975. Kathmandu. Royal Palace.

Unfortunately there are not too many Nepalese stamps from this area. This is, however, richly made up for on the following pages from the Sagarmatha National Park, the Royal Chitwan National Park, and Lumbini, the birthplace of Buddha. 

Sources and links:

Other World Heritage Sites in Nepal (on this site). Please refer to the UNESCO-listing, Nepal section, for further information about the individual properties. 

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Revised 21 jul 2006  
Copyright 1999 Heindorffhus
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