Durmitor National Park (1980)

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This breathtaking national park was formed by glaciers and is traversed by rivers and underground streams. Along the Tara river canyon, which has the deepest gorges in Europe, the dense pine forests are interspersed with clear lakes and harbour a wide range of endemic flora. 

Montenegro 2006. Durmitor National Park.

Serbia Montenegro 2003. View from Durmitor National Park.

Yugoslavia 1978. The Black Sea in Durmitor National Park.

Yugoslavia 1992. Durmitor National Park. Eurasian Capercaillie [Tetrao Urogallus].

The use of the name Montenegro began in the 15th century when the Crnojevic dynasty began to rule the Serbian principality of Zeta; over subsequent centuries it was able to maintain its independence from the Ottoman Empire. From the 16th to 19th centuries, Montenegro became a theocratic state ruled by a series of bishop princes; in 1852, it was transformed into a secular principality. After World War I, Montenegro was part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, and, at the conclusion of World War II, it became a constituent republic of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. When the latter dissolved in 1992, Montenegro federated with Serbia, first as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and, after 2003, in a looser union of Serbia and Montenegro. Following a three-year postponement, Montenegro held an independence referendum in the spring of 2006 under rules set by the EU. The vote for severing ties with Serbia exceeded the 55% threshold, allowing Montenegro to formally declare its independence on 3 June 2006.

Sources and links: 

Many thanks to Mr. Miomir Zivkovic (Serbia) for all help, support, and encouragement. 

Other World Heritage Sites in Serbia-Montenegro (on this site). Please refer to the UNESCO-listing, Serbia-Montenegro section, for further information on the individual properties. 

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Revised 29 jul 2006  
Copyright 1999 Heindorffhus 
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