Gunung Mulu National Park (2000)

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Important both for its high biodiversity and for its karst features, Gunung Mulu National Park, on the island of Borneo in the State of Sarawak, is the most studied tropical karst area in the world. The 52,864-ha park contains seventeen vegetation zones, exhibiting some 3,500 species of vascular plants.  Its palm species are exceptionally rich, with 109 species in twenty genera noted. The park is dominated by Gunung Mulu, a 2,377 m-high sandstone pinnacle. 

Malaysia 2006. Issue from Gunung Mulu in the State of Sarawak.

At least 295 km of explored caves provide a spectacular sight and are home to millions of cave swiftlets and bats. The Sarawak Chamber, 600 m by 415 m and 80 m high, is the largest known cave chamber in the world. 

  • Malaysia 2006. Issue from Gunung Mulu in the State of Sarawak. Set of four stamps (in two se-tenant pairs) from four different national parks in Malaysia. The two sets are slightly different in size. 

The four stamps are entitled "Mountains of Malaysia". Please note that there are also a souvenir sheet and four maximum cards related to the sets. The sheet is unrelated to the World Heritage properties of Malaysia. 

In its justification for inscription the UNESCO states that the concentration of caves in Mulu's Melinau Formation with its geomorphic and structural characteristics is an outstanding feature which allows a greater understanding of Earth's history.

 The caves of Mulu are important for their classic features of underground geomorphology, demonstrating an evolutionary history of more than 1.5 million years. One of the world's finest examples of the collapse process in Karstic terrain can be also found. 

GMNP provides outstanding scientific opportunities to study theories on the origins of cave faunas. With its deeply-incised canyons, wild rivers, rainforest-covered mountains, spectacular limestone pinnacles, cave passages and decorations, Mulu has outstanding scenic values. 

GMNP also provides significant natural habitat for a wide range of plant and animal diversity both above and below ground. It is botanically-rich in species and high in endemism, including one of the richest sites in the world for palm species. 

  • Map of Borneo with State of Sarawak at the western side of the Island. 

Borneo. Map of Sarawak State.

Sources and links:

Other World Cultural Heritage Properties in Malaysia (on this web site). For more information about the individual properties, please refer to the UNESCO-listing, Malaysia-section. 

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Revised 21 jul 2006  
Copyright 1999 Heindorffhus
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