Ouadi Qadisha (the Holy Valley) and 
the Forest of the Cedars of God (Horsh Arz el-Rab) (1998)

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The Qadisha valley is one of the most important early Christian monastic settlements in the world. Its monasteries, many of which are of a great age, stand in dramatic positions in a rugged landscape. Nearby are the remains of the great forest of cedars of Lebanon, highly prized in antiquity for the construction of great religious buildings. 

The Cedar tree is evergreen with four-angled leaves borne on short side-branches. The genus produces fragrant, durable, red-colored wood used in construction and cabinetry. Although no true cedars are native to North America, they are planted as ornamentals in milder areas, and various horticultural varieties, based on growth form and leaf color, exist. 
  • Lebanon 1925. Cedar Tree. 
  • Lebanon 1937. Cedar Tree. 

Lebanon 1925. Cedar Tree.

Lebann 1937. Cedar Tree.

United Nations (New York) 1988. FDC from the Flag Series. The Lebanese National Flag, featuring the Lebanese Cedar.

The best-known cedar is the cedar of Lebanon, mentioned often in the Old Testament; the First Temple of Solomon was built of this wood (see 1 Kings 5:6). It is native to Asia Minor, and today only a few original groves remain, although they contain some trees of great age. 

In Lebanon the Cedar has been immortalized through the Lebanese National Flag. 

  • United Nations (New York) 1988. FDC from the Flag series: the Lebanese National Flag, featuring the Lebanese Cedar. 

Cedar is the common name for three or four species of large trees native to mountainous areas of North Africa and Asia. Cedar trees belong to the pine family, the members of which have needlelike leaves and, like all conifers, bear their seeds on scales clustered into cones. 

Sources and links:

Other World Cultural Heritage Properties in Lebanon (on this web site). For more information about the individual properties, please refer to the UNESCO-listing, Lebanon-section. 

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Revised 21 jul 2006  
Copyright 1999 Heindorffhus
All Rights Reserved