Hwaseong Fortress (1997)
Republic of Korea

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When the Choson emperor Chongjo moved his father's tomb to Suwon at the end of the 18th century, he surrounded it with strong defensive works, laid out according to the precepts of an influential military architect of the period, who brought together the latest developments in the field from both East and West. The massive walls, extending for nearly 6 km, still survive; they are pierced by four gates and equipped with bastions, artillery towers and other features.  

Republic of Korea 2002. Top part of pane illustrating the Hwaseong Fortress.

In its justification for inscription the UNESCO states that the Hwasong Fortress is an outstanding example of early modern military architecture, incorporating the most highly developed features of that science from both east and west. 

Sources and links:

Other World Cultural Heritage Properties in Republic of Korea (on this web site). For more information about the individual properties, please refer to the UNESCO-listing, Republic of Korea-section.

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Revised 21 jul 2006  
Copyright 1999-2006 Ann Mette Heindorff 
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