City of Verona (2000)
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||The historic city of Verona was founded in the 1st century B.C. It
particularly flourished under the rule of the Scaliger family in the 13th and
14th centuries and as part of the Republic of Venice from the 15th to 18th
Verona has preserved a remarkable number of monuments from antiquity, the medieval and Renaissance periods, and represents an outstanding example of a military stronghold.
Verona is a city in northern Italy, the capital of Verona Province, in the Veneto Region, on the Adige River. The city is strategically located on the route from Milan to Venice and from Italy to central Europe via the Brenner Pass.
Noteworthy architectural landmarks include the Romanesque basilica of San Zeno Maggiore (mainly 12th-13th century), the tombs of the Scaliger family (14th century), the Gothic Church of Sant'Anastasia (completed 15th century), the magnificent 16th-century palaces of Bevilacqua, Canossa, and Pompeii, and the Castel Vecchio (1354), now housing a museum of art. A Roman amphitheater from the 1st century ad is still used for open-air concerts. Verona is the setting for several plays by William Shakespeare, including Romeo and Juliet.
Once an Etruscan village, Verona became a Roman possession in 89 BC. The German barbarian ruler Odoacer made it a military stronghold in the 5th century ad. In the 12th century it became a free commune. The city reached the height of its political and artistic prominence in the 14th century, under Ghibelline rule. Conquered by Venice in 1405, it was a part of the Venetian Republic until 1797, when it was occupied by French forces under Napoleon. The Veronese school of painting (15th and 16th centuries) is known for its landscapes and portraits. In the 19th century Verona was under Austrian control until 1866, when it became part of the kingdom of Italy. It was badly damaged during World War II (1939-1945).
Sources and links:
Other World Heritage Sites in Italy (on this site). Inactive links are not described on stamps. Please refer to the UNESCO-listing, section Italy for further information about such sites.
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Revised 01 aug 2006