Hatra (1985)
Iraq

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A large fortified city under the influence of the Parthian Empire and capital of the first Arab Kingdom, Hatra withstood invasions by the Romans in A.D. 116 and 198 thanks to its high, thick walls reinforced by towers. The remains of the city, especially the temples where Hellenistic and Roman architecture blend with Eastern decorative features, attest to the greatness of its civilization. 

Unfortunately I have been unable to find any stamps or philatelic material related to Hatra, so instead I have found an interesting photograph from the ruins of Hatra. For the same reason this page should be considered a placeholder only. 

Hatra was founded as an Assyrian city by the Seleucid Empire some time in the 3rd century BC. 

A religious and trading centre of the Parthian empire, it flourished during the 1st and 2nd centuries BC. 

Later on, the city became the capital of possibly the first Arab Kingdom in the chain of Arab cities running from Hatra, in the northeast, via Palmyra (present-day Syria), Baalbek (in present-day Lebanon), and Petra (in present-day Jordan), in the southwest. 

The region controlled from Hatra was the Kingdom of Araba, a semi-autonomous buffer kingdom on the western limits of the Parthian Empire, governed by Arabian princes. 

Note
The cities Palmyra, Baalbek, and Petra are all represented on this site as World Cultural Heritage properties. Eventually follow the links which will all open in a new window. 

Sources and links: 

Other World Heritage Sites in Iraq (on this site). Inactive links are not described on postage stamps. Please refer to the UNESCO-listing, section Iraq for further information about the individual properties. 

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Revised 08 aug 2006  
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