Sundarbans National Park (1987)

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India 2000. Tiger from the Sundarbans Biosphere Reserve.

The Sundarbans covers 10,000 sq. km of land and water (more than half of it in India, the rest in Bangladesh) in the Ganges delta. It contains the world's largest area of mangrove forests. 

A number of rare or endangered species live in the park, including tigers, aquatic mammals, birds and reptiles. 

  • India 2000. Tiger from the Sundarbans Biosphere Reserve. 

The climatic variations of the country ranging from the pouring wet hills of eastern India to the western Thar desert and the hot humid tropical rain forests of far south to the cold alpine pastures of Himalayas afford suitable living conditions to a wide variety of animals. A hundred years ago there was plentiful animal life in the country. Large herds of black buck, spotted deer, nilgai and other animals inhabited the great plains of India while the forests were full of gaur, sambar, tigers and elephants. In recent years, however, the position has changed. 

India 1963. Indian Bison (Gaur), [Bos Gaurus]. India 1963. Indian Elephant [Elephas Maximus]. India 1976. Asiatic Lion [Panthera Leo]. India 1962. Indian Rhinoceros [Rhinocerus Unicornis].

India 1976. Swamp Deer [Cervus Duvauceli).

The swamp deer is found exclusively in India. In Terai (Uttar Pradesh), Assam and the Sunderbans, the swamp deer is distinguished by its splayed hooves and larger skull, while in the hard open ground of Madhya Pradesh, it has smaller well-knit hooves. The coat of the swamp deer, almost woolly in texture, shades from brown to yellowish brown. There is much variation in the form of the antlers. 10 to 14 is the usual number of points of branches of antlers, though there may be as many as 20. Swamp deer has moderate eyesight and hearing power and acute sense of smell. The number of swamp deer is decreasing and it is a protected animal. 
  • India 1976. Swamp Deer [Cervus Duvauceli). 

The caracal is commonly found in the north and northwestern hills of Kutch, the dry parts of Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Central India. The caracal has broad head and tufted ears. Its coat is thick and soft. An uncommon and elusive animal, nearly extinct in India, little is known about the caracal in wild state. It is a creature of desert and scrub jungle, where it preys on birds, rodents, antelopes and small deer. 

  • India 1976. Caracal [Felis Caracal]. 

India 1976. Caracal [Felis Caracal].

India 1991. River Dolphin [Platanista Gangetica]. India 1991. Sea Cow [Dugong Dugong].   India 2000. Batagur Terrapin [Batagur Baska]. India 2000. Olive Ridley Turtle [Lepidochelys Olivacea].

The extremely dense human and cattle population of this country places a heavy demand on the natural resources resulting in encroachment on the habitat of wild life. The increasing tempo of developmental activities has caused pressure on wild life habitats both in extent and content. This has resulted in extinction of a few species and a few are on the verge of extinction. Sources and links: 

Other World Heritage Sites in India (on this website). Inactive links are not described on postage stamps. Please refer to the UNESCO-listing, India-section, for further information on the individual properties. 


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Revised 21 jul 2006  
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