Churches and Convents of Goa (1986)
India

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The churches and convents of Goa, the former capital of the Portuguese Indies – particularly the Church of Bom Jesus, which contains the tomb of St Francis-Xavier – illustrate the evangelization of Asia. These monuments were influential in spreading forms of Manueline, Mannerist and Baroque art in all the countries of Asia where missions were established. 

Goa is a state in western India, formerly part of Portuguese India. Goa is situated on the Malabar Coast and has sandy beaches and a tropical climate. Inland, Goa becomes hilly, stretching to part of the Western Ghats. About one-quarter of the state is covered by forest. Goa experiences a monsoon season from June through September; it accounts for four-fifths of the state's average annual rainfall. 

India 1994. St. Xavier College, Goa, built in typical Portuguese Manueline architecture, giving a pleasant impression of icing on a cake :)

Panaji has been the capital since 1843. The population of Goa includes native inhabitants, Portuguese descendants, and the descendants of marriages between the two groups. 

Goa's official language is Konkani, although English, Hindi, and Marathi are also spoken. Most of the native inhabitants are Hindu, while many of the Portuguese descendants are Christians. 

  • India 1994. St. Xavier College, Goa, built in typical Portuguese Manueline architecture, giving a pleasant impression of icing on a cake :)

Mr. Venkat Tata (India) has notified me that this stamp actually shows St.Xaviers college in Mumbai  (previously Bombay), located well south of Mumbai.  

The ancient Hindu city of Goa (Sanskrit Gove, Govapuri, or Gomant) lies in ruins. Nearby, the city of Old Goa (Portuguese Velha Goa), the former capital of Goa, was founded about 1440 and conquered by the Portuguese in 1510. It is also nearly abandoned, although it contains several very old buildings, including the cathedral founded by the Portuguese conqueror Afonso de Albuquerque in 1511 and the convent of Saint Francis of Assisi (1517). Bom Jesus, a converted mosque dating from the same period, contains the tomb of the Spanish Jesuit missionary Saint Francis Xavier, who began his missionary work in Goa in 1542. 

Sources and links: 

Other World Heritage Sites in India (on this website). Inactive links are not described on postage stamps. Please refer to the UNESCO-listing, India-section, for further information on the individual properties. 

 

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Revised 07 nov 2007  
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