Paleochristian and Byzantine Monuments 
of Thessalonika (1988)

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Founded in 315 B.C., the provincial capital and sea port of Thessalonika was one of the first bases for the spread of Christianity. Among its Christian monuments are fine churches, some built on the Greek cross plan and others on the three-nave basilica plan. Constructed over a long period, from the 4th to the 15th century, they constitute a diachronic typological series, which had considerable influence in the Byzantine world. The mosaics of the rotunda, St Demetrius and St David are among the great masterpieces of early Christian art.

Greece 1972. Panhagia in Thessaloniki. Greece 1978. Europa sta,p, showing the Hagia Sopia in Thessaloniki. Greece 1997. Mosaic Dome of the Church of St. George in Thessaloniki (5th-6th century).

Thessaloníki or Salonika, is a city and port in northeastern Greece, and also one of the largest cities of Greece and the chief port and commercial center of Macedonia in Greece. The city is the capital of Thessaloníki Department, at the northern end of the Gulf of Thermaďkós. Principal employers in the city include iron foundries, shipyards, and textile and flour mills; major exports are mineral ores and tobacco. The city is also the seat of the Aristotle University of Thessaloníki (1925).

In the 1st century AD, the apostle Paul preached to the Thessalonians in Thessaloníki, then in the Roman province of Macedonia. The city was occupied in the 10th century by the Saracens and in the 12th century by the Normans. In the 13th century Thessaloníki became part of the Byzantine Empire; many fine examples of Byzantine art survive in the city, particularly the mosaics in some of its historic churches, including the Basilica of Hagia Sophia and the Church of Saint George. Thessaloníki was under Turkish occupation from 1430 to 1912, when it was surrendered to a Greek army. George I of Greece, the Danish prince who was elected King of the Hellenes in 1863, was assassinated here in 1913. The city was occupied by the Germans in World War II. 


Other World Heritage Sites in Greece (on this website). Please refer to the UNESCO-listing, Greece-section, for further information about the individual properties.

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Revised 21 jul 2006  
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