Roman Monuments, Cathedral of St. Peter, 
and Church of Our Lady in Trier (1986)
Germany

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Trier, which stands on the Moselle river, was a Roman colony from the 1st century A.D. and then a great trading centre beginning in the next century. It became one of the capitals of the Tetrarchy at the end of the 3rd century, when it was known as the 'second Rome'. The number and quality of the surviving monuments are an outstanding testimony to Roman civilization. 

Trier (English Treves) is a city in southwestern Germany, in the state of Rhineland-Palatinate, on the Mosel River. The city is a main center of the Mosel wine region, a tourist destination, and a railroad junction. 

Trier is the site of important Roman remains, including the Porta Nigra (a well-preserved gate), an amphitheater, an imperial palace, and baths.  Among the medieval monuments of the city are a Romanesque cathedral whose chief treasure is the Holy Coat of Trier, said to be the seamless coat of Jesus, and the 13th-century Gothic Church of Our Lady. 

  • Germany 1984. 2000th anniversary of Trier. Porta Nigra. 

Trier is one of the oldest towns in northern Europe. It was the capital of the Celtic Treveri, from whom it took its name (ancient Augusta Treverorum). Under the Romans it was the capital of the province of Belgica and later a frequent residence of the Western emperors until it was captured in the early 5th century by the Franks.

An episcopal see since the early 4th century, the city was made the seat of an archbishopric in 815. The archbishops of Trier were powerful temporal rulers, and from the 14th to the 19th century they were electors of the Holy Roman Empire. Under French rule from 1794 to 1814, Trier was the capital of the French department of the Sarre. In 1815 it passed to Prussia. In early 1995 Trier was flooded, as the Rhineland experienced its highest water levels in more than two centuries. 

Sources and links:

Other World Heritage Sites in Germany (on this site). Inactive links are not described on stamps. Please refer to the UNESCO-listing, section Germany for further information about such sites. 

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Revised 04 aug 2006  
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