Henderson Island (1988)
Pitcairn Islands -- Great Britain
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In the eastern South Pacific, Henderson Island is one the few atolls in the world with its ecology practically inaltered by man. Its isolated location permits the study of the dynamics of insular evolution and natural selection. It is particularly notable for ten plants and four land birds, endemic to the island.
Pitcairn Islands 1989. Aerial view of Henderson Island.
Pitcairn Islands 1964. Chicken bird [Porzana Atra] particular to Henderson Island.
Pitcairn Islands 1964. Fruit Dove [Ptilinopus Insularis] particular to Henderson Island.
Henderson Island is an unihabitated raised reef island, 9.6 km long by 5.1 km wide with an area of 36 square km, in the Pitcairn Island group of the SE Pacific. The island's perimeter is 26.4 km; of this, 16.5 km is encircled by a fringing reef. It is 168 km ENE of Pitcairn. Henderson Island is the largest island in the Pitcairn Island group, one of the remotest groups of islands in the South Pacific, with no major land mass within a 5,000km radius.
Pitcairn Islands 1996. WWF-birds. There are four stamps in the set, but the second of 10c-value is not related to Henderson Island.
5c. Henderson Island. Reed-Warbler [Acrocephalus Taiti].
20c. Henderson Island. Crake [Porzana Atra].
90c. Henderson Island. Fruit-Dove [Ptilinopus Insularis].
The group comprises four islands, with Henderson lying 200km east-north-east of Pitcairn, 200km east of Oeno and 360km west of Ducie. Only Ducie, and the Chilean islands of Rapa Nui (Easter Island) and Sala y Gomez lie further to the east within Polynesia. The Pitcairn group is a Dependent Territory of the United Kingdom governed by the British High Commissioner in New Zealand, and a 10 member island council of H.M.S. Bounty descendants on Pitcairn Island. Henderson Island is (British) Crown Land.
The Pitcairn Islanders visit Henderson Island occasionally to collect miro wood (Thespesia populnea) for curio-making. The only other visitors to Henderson Island are scientists visiting this UNESCO World Heritage Site, known for it's endemic species of birds and plants in a near pristine system.
Sources and links:
Other World Heritage Sites in Great Britain (on this site). Inactive links are not described on postage stamps. Please refer to the UNESCO-listing, United Kingdom Section, for further information about the individual properties.
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Revised 19 jul 2006