Derwent Valley Mills (2001)
Great Britain

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Great Britain 2006. Derwent Edge, Peak District.

The Derwent Valley in central England contains a series of 18th- and 19th- century cotton mills and an industrial landscape of high historical and technological interest. 

The modern factory owes its origins to the mills at Cromford, where Richard Arkwright's inventions were first put into industrial-scale production. 

The workers' housing associated with this and the other mills remains intact and illustrate the socio-economic development of the area.

  • Great Britain 2006. Derwent Edge, Peak District. The stamp is No. 5 in a set of ten stamps designated to "British Journeys". 

In its justification for inscription the UNESCO states that the Derwent Valley saw the birth of the factory system, when new types of building were erected to house the new technology for spinning cotton developed by Richard Arkwright (1732-1792) in the early 19th century. In the Derwent Valley for the first time there was large-scale industrial production in a hitherto rural landscape. The need to provide housing and other facilities for workers and managers resulted in the creation of the first modern industrial towns. 

Sources and links: 

Other World Heritage Sites in Great Britain (on this site). Inactive links are not described on postage stamps. Please refer to the UNESCO-listing, United Kingdom Section, for further information about the individual properties. 

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Revised 19 jul 2006  
Copyright 1999 Heindorffhus 
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