Historic town of Saint George 
and related fortifications, Bermuda (2000)
Great Britain

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The Town of St George, founded in 1612, is an outstanding example of the earliest English urban settlement in the New World. Its associated fortifications graphically illustrate the development of English military engineering from the 17th to the 20th century, being adapted to take account of the development of artillery over this period. 

Bermuda 2001. World Cultural Heritage. King's Castle, Bermuda.

King's Castle, Bermuda

Bermuda 2001. World Cultural Heritage. Bridge House, Bermuda.

Bridge House, Bermuda

Bermuda 2001. World Cultural Heritage. Whitehall, Bermuda.

Whitehall, Bermuda

Historic St. George Town (St. George was the second English town established in the New World after Jamestown, Virginia), has lots of things to see. A two-hour walking tour on any day except Sunday might include these sights, which are depicted on the above stamps. 

  1. King's Square with a replica of a pillory and stocks 

  2. Ordnance Island with the Deliverance, a replica of the vessel that carried the shipwrecked Sea Venture passengers on to Virginia. 

  3. White Horse Tavern 

  4. Bridge House which was once the home of several governors of Bermuda. 

  5. Old State House - the oldest stone building in Bermuda, dating from 1620, and was once the home of the Bermuda Parliament. 

  6. St. Peter's Church The present church was built in 1713, with a tower added in 1814. 

The discovery of Bermuda is attributed to a Spanish navigator, Juan de Bermúdez, who was shipwrecked here in about 1503. No settlement was established, however, until 1609, when a party of English colonists under the mariner Sir George Somers sailing for Virginia, was also shipwrecked here. In 1612 the island group, known as Somers Islands, was included in the third charter of the Virginia Company, and a second group of English colonists arrived. This charter was revoked in 1684, however, and the islands then became a crown colony. Shortly afterward the settlers imported black slaves and, later, Portuguese laborers from the Madeira Islands and the Azores (Portuguese Açores). During the American Civil War (1861-1865), Confederate blockade runners were based in the Bermudas. At the close of the Civil War some Americans, particularly Virginians, migrated here from the United States; the islands later received Boer prisoners, sent by the British government during the Boer War (1899-1902). 

Bermuda 2001. World Cultural Heritage. Fort Cunningham, Bermuda.

Fort Cunningham, Bermuda

Bermuda 2001. World Cultural Heritage. St. Peter's Church, Bermuda.

St. Peter's Church, Bermuda

Bermuda 2001. World Cultural Heritage. Walli Street, Bermuda.

Walli Street, Bermuda

Because of their strategic location, the Bermuda Islands formerly served as the winter naval station for both the British North Atlantic and West Indian squadrons; the West Indian squadron still maintains a station here. In 1941, during World War II, sites on the islands were leased to the United States for naval and air bases for 99 years. Bermuda became internally self-governing in 1968. In August 1995 voters in Bermuda soundly rejected a referendum that would have made the island colony independent of the United Kingdom. Premier John Swan, the leader of the United Bermuda Party (UBP), had vowed to resign if independence was not approved; he stepped down shortly after the vote. After a secret ballot of Bermuda's legislators, Finance Minister David Saul was named the new prime minister. Saul resigned in March 1997 and was replaced by Pamela Gordon of the UBP. In November 1998 the Progressive Labour Party won its first election, with party leader Jennifer Smith becoming prime minister. 

Sources and Links: 

Other World Heritage Sites in Great Britain (on this site). Inactive links are not described on postage stamps. Please refer to the UNESCO-listing, United Kingdom Section, for further information about the individual properties. 

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Revised 19 jul 2006  
Copyright © 1999 Heindorffhus 
All Rights Reserved