San Pedro de la Roca Castle, Santiago de Cuba (1997)
Cuba

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Cuba 2005. Commemoration of the 490th anniversary of the foundation of Santiago de Cuba.

Commercial and political rivalries in the Caribbean region in the 17th century resulted in the construction of this massive series of fortifications on a rocky promontory, built to protect the important port of Santiago. 

This intricate complex of forts, magazines, bastions and batteries is the most complete, best-preserved example of Spanish-American military architecture, based on Italian and Renaissance design principles.

  • Cuba 2005. Commemoration of the 490th anniversary of the foundation of Santiago de Cuba. 

Santiago de Cuba was founded in 1514 by the Spanish soldier Diego Velázquez. It is located in southeastern Cuba, and is the capital of Santiago de Cuba Province, on the Bay of Santiago. 

The deep, landlocked bay forms a natural harbor; the city, which is a major seaport, is the export center for copper, iron, and agricultural products from the surrounding region. 

In 1898 it was the scene of the Battle of Santiago, a decisive battle of the Spanish-American War. 

  • Cuba 1941. General Moncada in Battle. 
  • Cuba 1941. Major General Guillermo Moncada. 

Cuba 1941. General Moncada in Battle.

Cuba 1941. Major General Guillermo Moncada.

Cuba 1963. Broken Chains of Moncada. Commemorating the 10th anniversary of Castro's attack on the Moncada Army Barracks.

On July 26, 1953, the Moncada army barracks in Santiago were the object of an abortive attack by a force under the Cuban revolutionary leader Fidel Castro; the engagement marked the beginning of his ultimately successful revolution. 
  • Cuba 1963. Broken Chains of Moncada. Commemorating the 10th anniversary of Castro's attack on the Moncada Army Barracks. 

Other World Heritage Sites in Cuba (on this site). Please refer to the UNESCO-listing, Cuba-section, for further information on the individual properties. 

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Revised 03 aug 2006  
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