Urban Historic Centre of Cienfuegos (2005)
Cuba

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The colonial town of Cienfuegos was founded in 1819 in the Spanish territory but was initially settled by immigrants of French origin. It became a trading place for sugar cane, tobacco and coffee. Situated on the Caribbean coast of southern-central Cuba at the heart of the country’s sugar cane, mango, tobacco and coffee production area, the town first developed in the neoclassical style. It later became more eclectic but retained a harmonious overall townscape. Among buildings of particular interest are the Government Palace (City Hall), San Lorenzo School, the Bishopric, the Ferrer Palace, the former lyceum, and some residential houses. Cienfuegos is the first, and an outstanding example of an architectural ensemble representing the new ideas of modernity, hygiene and order in urban planning as developed in Latin America from the 19th century. 
 

Cuba 1949. Cienfuegos. 200th anniversary of the construction of the Jagua Castle, and the centenary of the publication of the first newspaper in Cienfuegos.

Cuba 1967. Cienfuegos. Castle of Our Lady. 

Cienfuegos, originally known as Fernandina de Jagua, is a city in south central Cuba, capital of Cienfuegos Province, on Bahía de Cienfuegos (an arm of the Caribbean Sea). Near the entrance to Bahía de Cienfuegos, first visited by Christopher Columbus, is the Castillo de Jagua, a fortress erected (1740-1745) for protection against Caribbean pirates. 

The city was founded in 1819 by French settlers from Louisiana and was badly damaged by a tropical storm in 1825. During the Spanish-American War (1898) it was blockaded by two United States warships under Admiral Winfield Scott Schley. 

  • Cuba 1949. Cienfuegos. 200th anniversary of the construction of the Jagua Castle, and the centenary of the publication of the first newspaper in Cienfuegos. Note that this stamps exists also in 2c face value (rose red colour). 
  • Cuba 1967. Cienfuegos. Castle of Our Lady. 

The region surrounding the city is one of the most picturesque and fertile in Cuba. Sugarcane is the chief crop, introduced to Cuba in 1535 by Governor Gonzalo de Guzmán. 

Cienfuegos is one of the chief seaports of Cuba and is a center of the sugar trade. The below set of three stamps illustrate this vividly. The diagonal division of these stamps intend to show a "then/now" perspective. The ship shown in the rightmost part of the stamps is probably the Santa Elena, Guzman's personal galley. Coffee and tobacco are also grown, and cattle are raised. 

  • Cuba 1937. 400th anniversary of sugar production in Cuba. 

    • Sugar Cane. 

    • Primitive Sugar Mill. 

    • Modern Sugar Mill. 

Please note that there is a Cuban revolutionary hero named Camilo Cienfuegos (stamps issued 1960 and later), probably a citizen of the city, but as such without relations to the world heritage. 

Many thanks to Mr. Tony Vella (Canada) for all help and research on the sugar cane industry. 

Other World Heritage Sites in Cuba (on this site). Please refer to the UNESCO-listing, Cuba-section, for further information on the individual properties. 

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Revised 03 aug 2006  
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