Port, Fortresses and Group of Monuments, Cartagena (1984)
Columbia

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Situated in a bay in the Caribbean Sea, Cartagena has the most extensive fortifications in South America. A system of zones divides the city into three neighbourhoods: San Pedro, with the cathedral and many Andalusian-style palaces; San Diego, where merchants and the middle class lived; and Gethsemani, the 'popular quarter'.

Cartagena, officially Cartagena de Indias, is a city in northern Colombia, capital of Bolívar Department, a seaport on the Caribbean Sea. The city is on an island formed by a shallow extension of the harbor, one of the best in northern South America. Cartagena is connected by a causeway with the mainland. 

The older part of the city contains two old forts and is surrounded by a wall 12 m (40 ft) thick in places, constructed in Spanish colonial times. 

  • Columbia 1945. The Clock Tower of Cartagena. 

Columbia 1945. The Clock Tower of Cartagena.

Among the notable buildings of the city are the cathedral, the Jesuit church of San Juan de Dios, and the palace that was the headquarters of the Spanish Inquisition in South America. The site of the University of Cartagena (1827), Cartagena is also the terminus of an oil pipeline extending about 600 km (about 375 mi) into the interior of Colombia. The principal exports are oil and petroleum products and coffee. Other exports include tobacco, cattle and cattle products, fine woods, and precious stones. Chocolate and candles are among the products manufactured here. In the early 1990s tourism became increasingly important to the city's economy. 

Columbia 1954. Air Post. Cartagena. Church of San Pedro Claver. Columbia 1983. Air Post. Cartagena. Customs' Square. Columbia 1996. Historical Landmarks. Cartagena. Palace of Inquisition.

Columbia 1983. Cartagena. The 200th birth anniversary of Simón Bolivar.

Founded in 1533 by the Spanish, the city rapidly became a thriving commercial port, later referred to as the Queen of the Indies. Pirates sacked the city in 1544. 

In the early 17th century the city was second to Mexico City in commercial importance in the New World. Nationalist revolutionists, led by Simón Bolívar, in 1815 took the city from the Spanish, lost it the same year, and recaptured it in 1821. 

  • Columbia 1983. Cartagena. The 200th birth anniversary of Simón Bolivar. 

Sources and links: 

Other World Heritage Sites in Columbia (on this site). Please refer to the UNESCO-listing, Columbia section, for further information on the individual properties. 

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Revised 03 aug 2006  
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