Old Town of Lunenburg (1995)
Canada

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Canada 1995. Lunenburg Academy (Nova Scotia).

Lunenburg is the best surviving example of a planned British colonial settlement in North America. 

Established in 1753, it has retained its original layout and overall appearance, based on a rectangular grid pattern drawn up in the home country. The inhabitants have managed to safeguard the city's identity throughout the centuries by preserving the wooden architecture of the houses, some of which date from the 18th century. 

  • Canada 1995. Lunenburg Academy. 

Nova Scotia's Lunenburg Academy was officially opened on November 7, 1895, after a previous structure burned down in 1893. Gallows Hill, chosen as the new site for the Academy, commands one of the most spectacular views in the province. 

To this day, Lunenburg Academy provides an example of excellence in Canadian architectural standards. The Lunenburg Academy is the only surviving 19th-century academy system still operating as a school today - Lunenburg Elementary School. The three-storey structure measures 27 metres by 38 metres, housing 13 rooms for 600 students from grade one to 11. The Academy represents a superb period of school construction in Nova Scotia, featuring beautifully panelled white wood ceilings, floors and wainscotting of birch, and the rest of the interior finish in ash and birch. 

Canada 1975. Reverse side of a 100-dollar banknote, with a scenery from Lunenburg.

Canada 1998. 10c-coin, depicting Bluenose

Canada 1929. Bluenose (Scott # 158).

The name Nova Scotia was first applied on September 29, 1621, when Sir William Alexander (1567-1640) received a grant of "the lands lying between New England and Newfoundland ... to be known as Nova Scotia, or New Scotland", the name did not become fixed on the map until after the signing of the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713.  

Prior to this, the name Acadia was generally used by the French to denote the Maritime provinces along with adjacent portions of New England and Quebec. The origin of the word Acadia is in dispute. It is generally accepted to be from Archadia (Acadia), assigned by Giovanni da Verrazano in 1524 and suggested by the classical name for a land of rustic peace. The claim that it is of Micmac origin is probably coincidental. The Micmac word Quoddy or Cady was rendered by the French as cadie and meant a piece of land or territory.

For stamp collectors Lunenburg is of particular interest, since Canada's famous stamp "Bluenose" (Scott # 158) features the world famous schooner built in this town. "Bluenose" has become so famous that she is now one of Canada's national symbols, appearing on the tail side of the current Canadian 10-c coin. In 1982 "Bluenose" re-appeared on a modern Canadian stamp-issue (Scott # 913). Read more about "Bluenose", her constructor, and her dramatic history on the link below. 

Sources and links: 

Other World Heritage Sites in Canada (on this site). Inactive links are not described on stamps. Please refer to the UNESCO-listing, section Canada for further information about such sites. 

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Revised 03 aug 2006  
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