Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump
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||In south-west Alberta, the remains of marked trails and an aboriginal camp,
and a tumulus where vast quantities of buffalo (American Bison) skeletons can
still be found, are evidence of a custom practised by aboriginal peoples of the
North American plains for nearly 6,000 years. Using their excellent knowledge of
the topography and of buffalo behaviour, they killed their prey by chasing them
over a precipice; the carcasses were later carved up in the camp below.
Across Canada, innumerable attractions draw tourists seeking the extraordinary, the unique, and the beautiful. To commemorate 10 such attractions, Canada Post has issued in 2002 a set of 10 stamps; five at the US rate ($0.65), and five at the international rate ($1.25).
Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump is an archaeological site in the vicinity of Fort Mcleod, Alberta, where the foothills of the Rocky Mountains meet the great plains. For approximately 6,000 years, Aboriginals of the North American plains used their excellent knowledge of topography and buffalo behaviour to lure, herd, and chase large numbers of these animals over a cliff. The site is now an interpretive centre where visitors can explore the cliff and learn its history. Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump is known around the world as a remarkable testimony of prehistoric life.
The district of Alberta was created in 1882, and enlarged to become a province of Canada on September 1, 1905. The name was suggested by the Marquess of Lorne, Governor General of Canada from 1878 to 1883, in honour of his wife, H.R.H. Princess Louise Caroline Alberta, daughter of Queen Victoria.
Sources and links:
Other World Heritage Sites in Canada (on this site). Inactive links are not described on stamps. Please refer to the UNESCO-listing, section Canada for further information about such sites.
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Revised 03 aug 2006