Central Amazon Conservation Complex (2000, 2003)
Brazil

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The Central Amazon Conservation Complex makes up the largest protected area in the Amazon Basin (over 6 million hectares) and is one of the planet’s richest regions in terms of biodiversity. It also includes an important sample of varzea ecosystems, igapó forests, lakes and channels which take the form of a constantly evolving aquatic mosaic that is home to the largest array of electric fish in the world. 

Brazil 1971. Central Amazon Highway, that shows clearly the Amazon River and the delta. 

The site protects key threatened species, including giant arapaima fish, the Amazonian manatee, the black caiman and two species of river dolphin. 

The extension of the site in 2003 includes the "Jaú National Park". 

  • Brazil 1971. Central Amazon Highway, that shows clearly the Amazon River and the delta. 
In its justification for inscription UNESCO states that the varzea and igapó forests, lakes, rivers, and islands of the proposed site together constitute physical and biological formations and demonstrate ongoing ecological processes in the development of terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems. 

They include a constantly changing and evolving mosaic of river channels, lakes, and landforms. The floating (and constantly moving and changing) mats of vegetation typical of the varzea watercourses include a significant number of endemic species, including the largest array of electric fishes in the world. 

Anavilhanas contains the second largest archipelago of river islands in the Brazilian Amazon.

  • Brazil 2000. Block of four se-tenant stamps featuring environmental protection in the Amazonas. 

Brazil 2000. Block of four se-tenant stamps featuring environmental protection in the Amazonas. 

Brazil 1992. White-tailed Tropicbird [Phaethon Lepturus]

Brazil 1992. Amazonas River Dolphins. . 

The expanded property substantially increases the already impressive protection offered by Jaú National Park to the biological diversity, habitats, and endangered species found in the Central Amazon region. 

The area is one of the Endemic Bird Areas of the World, is considered as one of the World Wildlife Fund’s 200 Priority Ecoregion for Conservation, and it is also a Centre of Plant Diversity. 

The expansion of Jaú National Park to include an important sample of Varzea ecosystems, igapó forests, lakes and channels significantly increases the representation of the aquatic biodiversity of the Central Amazon region. 

Expansion of the site also enhance the protection of key threatened species including giant arapaima fish, the Amazonian manatee, the black caiman, and two species of river dolphin. 

  • Brazil 1992. White-tailed Tropicbird [Phaethon Lepturus]
  • Brazil 1992. Amazonas River Dolphins. 

Sources and links:

Other World Heritage Sites in Brazil (on this site). Please refer to the UNESCO-listing, Brazil-section, for further information about the individual properties. 

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Revised 03 aug 2006  
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