Salzkammergut Cultural Landscape (1997)
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Human activity in the magnificent natural landscape of the Salzkammergut began in prehistoric times, with the salt deposits being exploited as early as the 2nd millennium B.C. This resource formed the basis of the area's prosperity up to the middle of the 20th century, a prosperity that is reflected in the fine architecture of the town of Hallstatt.
Nestled in the northern region of the Kalkalpen, Salzkammergut lends the impression of a miniature version of the entire Alps. The habitat of this alpine and foothill territory situated within the area of the upper Traun owes it's name and cultural landscape to documented records of salt mining in ancient times.
In addition to mountains, the Salzkammergut abounds with forests, meadows, pastures, and even lakes. In many ways the beauty of the lakes in this abundance of contrasting landscapes that spans three provinces is witnessed in the reflections of steep cliffs on the water's surface and in the green, blue, often nearly "black" water.
Originally associated only with the "Ischl Land", this overall impression extends throughout the Traun and Atter regions. The historic cultural landscape "Hallstatt-Dachstein/Salzkammergut", covers an area of 484.6 square kilometers.
Other World Heritage Sites in Austria (on this site). Please refer to the UNESCO-listing, Austria section, for more information about the individual properties.
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Revised 18 aug 2007