Cultural Landscape and
Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley (2003)
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||The cultural landscape and archaeological remains of the Bamiyan Valley
represent the artistic and religious developments which from the 1st to the 13th
centuries characterized ancient Bakhtria, integrating various cultural
influences into the Gandhara school of Buddhist art. The area contains numerous
Buddhist monastic ensembles and sanctuaries, as well as fortified edifices from
the Islamic period.
The site is also testimony to the tragic destruction by the Taliban of the two standing Buddha statues, which shook the world in March 2001.
The property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger in 2003 for the following reasons:
The Cultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger at the 27th session of the World Heritage Committee simultaneously with its inscription on the World Heritage List. The property is in a fragile state of conservation considering that it has suffered from abandonment, military action and dynamite explosions.
The major dangers include: risk of imminent collapse of the Buddha niches with the remaining fragments of the statues, further deterioration of still existing mural paintings in the caves, looting and illicit excavation. Parts of the site are inaccessible due to the presence of antipersonnel mines.
Sources and links:
Other World Heritage Sites in Afghanistan (on this website). Eventually refer to the UNESCO-listing, Afghanistan-Section, for further information on the individual properties.
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Revised 13 jul 2007