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Queen Alexandra of Yugoslavia
Princess Olga of Yugoslavia

King Christian IX 

King Frederik VIII 
(Chr. IX's son) 

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Queen Alexandra 
(Chr. IX's daughter) 

King George I
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King Haakon VII 
(Frederik VIII's son) 

Grand Duchess Josephine-Charlotte 

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(Princess of Greece) 

Princess Olga 
(Princess of Greece) 

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King Alexander of Yugoslavia.  SG # 334

Alexandra (*born 1921), Princess of Greece, a daughter of King Alexander of Greece and Aspasia Manos, married in 1944 the Yugoslavian King Peter II (1923-1970), who was king 1934-45. Since 1921 the new and enlarged Serbia, or rather Yugoslavia, a new state consequent to World War I, was reigned by King Alexander I.  He was murdered in Paris in 1934, 45 years old.  
  • King Alexander. 

His 34-year old widow, Queen Marie, was left behind in Belgrade with three young sons, of whom the oldest was the 11-year old Crown Prince Peter, now formally King Peter II of Yugoslavia. Because of the Crown Prince's young age it was, however, absolutely necessary to find a regent until the new king's 18th birthday. 

The late King Alexander's cousin, the 41-year old Prince Paul, was chosen for this task. 
  • Crown Prince Peter II.
  • Idem. 
  • Queen Mary. 
Crown Prince Peter of Yugoslavis in "Sokol Uniform".  SG#276 King Peter II of Yugoslavia. SG#320 Queen Mary of Yugoslavia.  SG#341.

In 1923 Prince Paul had married the Greek Princess Olga, a daughter of the late Prince Nicholaos of Greece, and a grand-daughter of the late King George I of Greece. 

Princess Olga of Yugoslavia, married to Prince Paul of Yugoslavia.  Photo 1940.

One of his "jobs" as regent was to keep the throne warm, until the very young King Peter II himself could take over.  It was a more than difficult task, and the kind, but absolutely inexperienced Prince Paul certainly didn't have the same force and firmness as his cousin, the late King Alexander, whom he was now replacing.  

Prince Paul of Yugoslavia. SG#347
  • Princess Olga of Greece. 

  • The interim regent, Prince Paul 

When Hitler started World War II in 1939, and Mussolini joined him in 1940, it was scheduled that Italy should manage all problems on the Balkan Peninsula, which was the reason for the Italian invasion of Greece in 1940.  Hitler was infuriated of the Italian fiasco in Greece; he wanted the Balkan at any price!  Prince Paul, who more than ever wished to stay neutral was threatened severely by Hitler, if he didn't give in for the Nazi pressure. Politically inexperienced as he was, he finally signed a pact with Hitler, but this should prove to be the worst failure of his life.  Prince Peter and Princess Olga were immediately removed by the Yugoslavian government, and that same night they fled out of Yugoslavia on the last plane to South Africa. 

The Happy Yugoslavian Royal Family, 1923.
The below photograph was taken at the christening of the royal couple's newborn son, Prince Peter (later King Peter II). The parents were king Alexander I and queen Mary (born princess of Romania) 

Family Photo 1923 at the baptization of Prince Peter, later King Peter II.

Left: King Alexander, and in the front Queen Mary with their baby-son.  

Behind: Queen Elizabeth of Greece (married to King George II of Greece), King Ferdinand of Romania, Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon and Albert, Duke of York  The latter became later King of England as George VI; Lady Elizabeth is known today as the British Queen Mother. Click on photo for enlargement. The link will open in a new window. 

Prince Paul now disappeared, the 17-year old King Peter II achieved only  3 weeks of sovereignty, before he fled to Greece and via Jerusalem landed in London in September 1941.  The leadership of Yugoslavia was immediately taken over by one of Stalin's protégés, Josip Broz, better known as Marshal Tito.  

Given this fact, King Peter II never returned to Yugoslavia as king.  He died in Los Angeles at the age of 47, leaving behind his wife, Queen Alexandra, born Princess Alexandra of Greece, whom he had married in 1944. 

King Peter II of Yugoslavia and Queen Alexandra.  Photo taken 1946.

  •  Contemporary photograph of King Peter II and Queen Alexandra of Yugoslavia. 

The era of the old Serbian royal dynasty of Karageorgevitch, inter-marrying with the Glücksburg Family, was extinct forever. 

For a number of years the posterity of the Karageorgevitch Dynasty, presided by HRH Crown Prince Alexander, lived in England. The family has now moved to Belgrade, and upon request to the webmaster, dated 31st January 2002 by HRH Crown Prince Alexander of Yugoslavia the royal family's new address is published here:

The Royal Palace, Belgrade, Yugoslavia.
Tel.  +381 11 306 4000
Fax  +381 11 306 4040

Historical Notice
Yugoslavia was first established on 1st December 1918 as a kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenians.  After World War II the kingdom was transformed into a Communistic federation, whose leader during 40 years was Josip Broz Tito.  Montenegro has approximately (2003) 650.000 inhabitants, and Serbia approximately (2003) 10 mill. inhabitants. 

As of 4th February 2003 Yugoslavia no longer exists.  Both chambers of the Federal Parliament voted for the establishing of a commonwealth named "Serbia & Montenegro".  84 members of the parliament voted for, and 31 against the dissolution of the last remainders of former Yugoslavia, that was created in 1992 after Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia and Bosnia left the federation, causing a civil war. 

Montenegro held an independence referendum in the spring of 2006 under rules set by the EU. The vote for severing ties with Serbia exceeded the 55% threshold, allowing Montenegro to formally declare its independence on 3 June 2006. 

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First published May 2000. Revised 03-jan-2007  
Copyright © 2000-2007 Ann Mette Heindorff
All Rights Reserved

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