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Princess Dagmar (1847-1928)
~ Czar Alexander III of Russia
Princess of Denmark - Czarina Maria Feodorovna of Russia

 

Denmark
King Christian IX 
Ancestor

Denmark
King Frederik VIII 
(Chr. IX's son) 

Great Britain
Queen Alexandra 
(Chr. IX's daughter) 

Greece
King George I
(Chr. IX's son) 

Russia
Czarina Dagmar
(Chr. IX's daughter) 

Belgium
Queen Astrid 

Norway
King Haakon VII 
(Frederik VIII's son) 

Luxembourg
Grand Duchess Josephine-Charlotte 

Spain
Queen Sophia
(Princess of Greece) 

Romania
Cr. Princess Helena 
(Princess of Greece) 

Yugoslavia
Princess Olga 
(Princess of Greece) 

Sweden 
Princess Ingrid of Sweden. Queen of Denmark 

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Russian portraitist Ivan Kramskoi's (1837-1887) famous portrait of the empress, created 1882 (Russian Museum, St. Petersburg).

Daughter of King Christian IX of Denmark 
and Queen Louise
Sister of King Frederik VIII (Denmark),
Sister of Queen Alexandra (Great Britain),
Sister of King George I (Greece).

1866 married to

Alexander III (1845-1894)
Czar of Russia 1881-1894

Left: Russian portraitist Ivan Kramskoi's (1837-1887) famous portrait of the empress, created 1882 (Russian Museum, St. Petersburg). 

The couple had five children

Nicolas II
1868-1918
George
1871-1899
Xenia
1875-1960
Michael
1878-1918
Olga
1882-1960
Czar of Russia
1894-1917

1894 married to Alix (Alicky)
Princess of Hessen
1872-1918
Grandchild of Queen Victoria 
of Great Britain

Five children
Olga, Tatiana, Maria, 
Anastasia and Alex

Parents and children murdered
in Yekaterinburg (Sverdlovsk)
16th July 1918

 

Died of TB in
Trans-Caucasia
28 years old

Unmarried

 

 

 

 

 

Grand Duchess

1894 married to 
her uncle
Alexander 
(Sandro)
1866-1933
Grand Duke

Seven children

 

 

 

Grand Duke
murdered July 1918

1911 married to 
Countess
Nathalia Brassova 
(1880-1952)

One son
George
(1910-1931)
(Died in a car accident)

 


Grand Duchess
(1882-1962)

1901 married to
Peter
Duke of Oldenburg
(1868-1924)

1916 married to
Nicolai Kulikowsky
(1881-1958)

Both died in Canada

Two sons
Thikon and Guri
born 1917 and 1919

Princess Dagmar of Denmark was originally engaged to be married to the Grand Duke Nicolas, within the family always called Nixa. Nixa should have succeeded his father, Czar Alexander II, but suffering from a fragile health he died in 1865 in France, before he married the Danish princess. It was then hastily arranged by the Danish and Russian courts, that Princess Dagmar would instead marry Nixa's younger brother, Grand Duke Alexander, who would later become Czar Alexander III of Russia -- and Princess Dagmar would thus still be Czarina of Russia. 

Unfortunately it has been impossible to find stamps showing The Imperial Couple and their children, so I will instead show some photos of the family. Click on any photo to see enlargements. All links open a new window.

However, in 1998, in connection with a ceremonial interment in the Peter and Paul Fortification in St. Petersburg, Russia issued one stamp showing Czar Nicolas II, commemorating the murdering 80 years earlier.  On the adjoined tabs is shown a fragment of a painting of his family. The full painting is available on a souvenir sheet from the Marshall Islands, see below. 

  • Russia 1998. Czar Nicholas II, and his family.

Princess Dagmar 
and Nixa

The Czarina 
with her family

Two sisters, the Czarina & Queen Alexandra 1874

 

In St. Petersburg
1875

Princess Dagmar and Alexander

At the death of his father Czar Alexander III in 1894, their eldest son Nicolas became Czar of Russia as Nicolas II. That same year he married Princess Alix (Alicky) of Hessen, a grand-child of Queen Victoria of England. The young couple had five children, Olga, Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia and Alex.  

Czar Nicolas II 
and his son 

Painting of
the Czarina 

Czarina Alicky 
and Children

Coronation of Nicholas 
and Alexandra

They were all murdered on 16th July 1918 in Yekaterinburg (Sverdlovsk) in the Ural. Russia turned into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, directed by Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (Lenin). The murdered Czar family's earthly remains were destroyed. And the rest is history. 

Czarina Dagmar, the mother of the killed Czar, survived the murdering and was later evacuated to Denmark after having lived in Russia for 52 years. She lived for another 10 years and died in 1928 in Copenhagen. She is currently buried in Roskilde Cathedral, Denmark. With her death, the Glücksburg-era in Russia was definitively over. 

The Czarina had always wanted to be buried in St. Petersburg next to her husband, Czar Alexander III, but Lenin and the communists did not grant her this honour. 

  • Denmark 1998. Roskilde Cathedral. 

  • Russia 1994. Roskilde Cathedral. 

However, on September 28, 2006, 78 years after her passing, the Czarina was  reburied in St. Petersburg. Read more about the event on the website of the Danish Ministry for Foreign Affairs

Following a memorial service in St. Isaac's Cathedral of St. Petersburg, her coffin will be transferred to be buried next to her husband, the Czar Alexander III, in the St. Peter & Paul Fortress in St. Petersburg. The services in St. Petersburg was attended by Crown Prince Frederik and Crown Princess Mary of Denmark. May the Czarina finally rest in peace. 

For three generations, Russia ignored her fate. But the mood is changing as the Government tries to heal the wounds of history, so that now Dagmar is going home at last. The interment of Empress Feodorovna in the Peter and Paul Fortress represents Russia's final atonement to its last czar. 

  • Russia 2002. St. Isaac's Cathedral, St. Petersburg, where the memorial service will be held on 28th September 2006. 

  • Russia 1995. Peter and Paul Fortification. 

Russia 2002. St. Isaac's Cathedral, St. Petersburg.

Russia 1995. Peter and Paul Fortification.

As an aside, it is worth mentioning that the famous bridge in Paris, Pont Alexandre III, spanning the River Seine and connecting the Champs-Élysées quarter and the Invalides and Eiffel Tower quarter, is named after Czar Alexander III of Russia. 

France 1949. Air Post. Pont Alexandre III.

The foundation stone of the bridge was laid in October 1896 by the Czar's son, Nicholas (II), who had succeeded his father Czar Alexander III on the Russian throne -- and eventually murdered in Yekaterinburg. Czar Nicholas is pictured on the above Russian stamp from 1998. 

The style of the bridge (Art Nouveau) reflects the Grand Palais, to which it leads on the right bank of the River Seine. 

  • France 1949. Air Post. Pont Alexandre III. 

In commemoration of the murdering on 16th July 1918, the Marshall Islands issued on 17th July 1998 this booklet pane and souvenir sheet, describing the life of the last Russian Czar Nicholas II. The information given here is from the Internet, and the booklet with the integral souvenir sheet should be available from the below link. 

Marshall Islands 1998. Booklet pane and souvenir sheet Czar Nicholas II of Russia. Scott Number Denomination Description
658 60c Coronation of Tsar Nicholas II
659 60c Russo-Japanese War and the Cruiser Varyag
660 60c The Tsar's 1905 Manifesto
661 60c The Peasant Sower and Rasputin
662 60c Tsar with Soldiers at the Front
663 60c Ipateva House in Ekaterinburg and the Tsar's Abdication
664 $3 Souvenir sheet with portrait of Czar Nicholas II and his Family. 

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First published May 2000. Revised 03-jan-2007  
Copyright © 2000-2007 Ann Mette Heindorff
All Rights Reserved


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